Please note, many Capitol Records issues also carry an EMI logo. This is not a label and EMI should not be added as a label; it instead indicates that Capitol was part of the EMI Group. For LPs the label design may help identify the era of release. See vinylbeat.com & friktech.com links below.
Label Code: LC 0148 / LC 00148.
The Capitol Records, Inc. company was founded on April 8, 1942 in Hollywood, California as "Liberty Records" by the songwriters Johnny Mercer, Buddy G. De Sylva and record store owner Glenn Wallichs . On June 4 of the same year, the label is named "Capitol" to avoid a conflict with the new yorker Liberty Music shops. By 1946, Capitol had sold 42 million records and was established as one of the Big Six studios.
In January 1955, the British company Electric & Musical Industries Ltd. (EMI) acquired Capitol Records, Inc for $8.5 million. In 1979, Capitol was made part of the EMI Music "Worldwide division." In 2001, EMI Group Plc merged Capitol Records label with the Priority Records label.
In the UK, Europe and Australasia EMI began releasing Capitol product in January 1956 after the licenses with The Decca Record Company Limited and other licensees expired.
In September 2012 Capitol Records was purchased by Vivendi S.A. (owner of the Universal Music Group)
Please note: unofficial / counterfeit releases should use Capitol Records (2) instead.
Capitol Records album prefix codes: Catalog numbers are generally divided into a prefix (from 1 to 4 letters) and a number. The number is the actual release number. Capitol started numbering at 100, with some of their subsidiaries (like Tower) starting at higher numbers (such as 5000 for Tower and 3350 for Apple). By 1968, their regular issue albums had reached 2999; 3000 to 9999 were reserved for subsidiaries so they started over at 100. In 1972, album numbering reached 999 and catalog numbers jumped ahead to 10000.
The prefix is composed of letters. • If the record is in stereo, then the first letter is "S.". If the first letter is a "D" the record is in reprocessed stereo created from mono recordings (= Duophonic).
No letter corresponds to a mono recording.
• The second letter is the price code. Beginning in the late 1950s, "T" was the standard code for a full-price single Lp. Other letters, such as W, M and K indicate a different list price. • The third letter (if present) indicates the number of discs in the album. "A" = single Lp, "B" = two Lps, "C" = 3 Lps, etc. • A fourth letter (if present) means there was some kind of special packaging, such as a boxed set, gatefold cover, booklet, etc.
Capitol Records, LLC (known legally as Capitol Records, Inc. until 2007) is an American record label distributed by Universal Music Group through its Capitol Music Group imprint. It was founded as the first West Coast-based record label of note in the United States in 1942 by Johnny Mercer, Buddy DeSylva, and Glenn E. Wallichs. Capitol was acquired by British music conglomerate EMI as its North American subsidiary in 1955. EMI was acquired by Universal Music Group in 2012, and was merged with the company a year later, making Capitol and the Capitol Music Group both distributed by UMG. The label's circular headquarters building is a recognized landmark of Hollywood, California. Both the label itself and its famous building are sometimes referred to as "The House That Nat Built." This refers to one of Capitol's most famous artists, Nat King Cole. Capitol is also well known as the U.S. record label of the Beatles, especially during the years of Beatlemania in America from 1964 to 1967.
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